A Hurricane is essentially a type of storm called a Tropical Cyclone which develops over tropical/subtropical waters…
…A Tropical Cyclone (TC – TCs) is a rotational or spinning low-pressure weather system which has organised thunderstorms, however has no fronts1.
1: a front is a boundary which separates two air masses of two different densities.
TC’s with sustained winds of less than thirty nine miles per hour are called Tropical Depressions (TDs).
TC’s with maximum sustained winds of thirty nine miles per hour or higher are called Tropical Storms (TSs).
When maximum sustained winds reach seventy four miles per hour, it’s officially called a Hurricane.
When maximum sustained winds reach one hundred and fifteen miles per hour, it’s officially called a major Hurricane.
The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 rating based on a Hurricane’s maximum sustained wind speed.
This scale/category rating estimates the potential property damage. Reminds us somewhat of the Enhanced Fujita Scale.
Hurricanes originate in the basin of the Atlantic, which includes the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. Not forgetting, the eastern North Pacific Ocean…
…Less frequently, the central North Pacific Ocean.
A six-year rotating list of names, “updated and maintained” by the World Meteorological Organisation, is used in order to identify TCs and Hurricanes.
The Atlantic Hurricane season starts on the 1st June and ends on the 30th November…
…However, these massive storm systems can and have occurred outside of above mentioned time frame.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) National Hurricane Center predicts, tracks and monitors these what-can-be deadly and devastating storms.
On a side note: Hurricanes tend to occur twelve times a year in the Atlantic basin – on average – according to NOAA.
Find and read a comprehensive Hurricane FAQ, produced by Hurricaneville here.